Current and Emerging Treatments for Methamphetamine Use Disorder PMC

CM uses motivational incentives and tangible rewards to help a person dependent on METH to attain their treatment goals e.g., abstinence from METH. For example, CM participants are provided monetary vouchers in exchange for consecutive urine samples documenting abstinence from METH. A person with METH-positive or missing urine sample is moved down the escalating schedule [78]. The studies that assessed CM efficacy in reducing METH abuse or dependence showed blood alcohol level chart positive outcomes when comparing MUD patients to control group participants or CM to other behavioral therapies [74, 76]. The benefits of CM intervention included reduced drug use, better treatment retention, reduction in psychiatric symptoms, higher utilization of other treatments and medical services, and reductions in risky sexual behavior. Importantly, CM worked not only in research treatment settings but also in community programs for MUD [79, 80].

  1. The Matrix model therapy has been effective in reducing METH use and craving during treatment and has shown somewhat better retention and abstinence rates than other behavioral interventions [74].
  2. It is sometimes a second-line treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and obesity; however, methamphetamine is better known as a recreational drug.
  3. Isaak learned addiction psychology at Aspen University and got a Master’s Degree in Arts in Psychology and Addiction Counseling.
  4. American Addiction Centers (AAC) is committed to delivering original, truthful, accurate, unbiased, and medically current information.

To our knowledge, only one clinical trial has addressed the treatment of MUD with comorbid opioid use disorder (OUD) [121]. Continued efforts to find MUD therapy have produced several interesting findings. Recently, exercise and music therapy were shown to help maintain METH cravings [74, 116].

Medical Detox for Meth Addiction

HC participants had no history of substance use disorders (besides nicotine dependence) and had negative urine tests throughout the study. Light alcohol use (equivalent to 7.5 drinks per week) was not an exclusion criterion. Participants were excluded in both groups if they met criteria for other current Axis I diagnoses based on the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV disorders (SCID-IV), or any history of recent psychotropic medication use. All participants were allowed to smoke tobacco ad libitum to avoid the possible confounding effects of nicotine withdrawal. The model incorporates CBT, CM, 12-steps, and motivational interviewing therapy. The program is highly structured and is largely made up of group therapy sessions.

The most difficult time and most intense withdrawal symptoms experienced during a crystal meth detox generally occur within the first 24 to 48 hours after the last use of the drug. But withdrawal symptoms can persist for weeks, months, and stopping cymbalta even years after the last use of the drug. The specific time period for withdrawal varies between individuals, but the acute phase of withdrawal typically peaks around day 2 or 3 after last use and generally begins to ease after a week.

During this final phase, the worst of the withdrawal symptoms have typically subsided. But psychological symptoms like depression and anxiety may be in full effect because the body’s dopamine levels have not had enough time to return to normal functioning. The symptoms of depression and anxiety can last for many months or even years after the last use of the drug.

What You Need to Know About Meth Withdrawal

Four studies reported withdrawal outcomes, of which three (with 93 participants) were included in the meta‐analysis [49, 50, 54]. The information above is general in nature, and it’s important to remember that everyone is different. How you came to meth addiction and how you react to the drug is unique to you. That means withdrawal symptoms, while they may follow the generalities above overall, are also going to be slightly different for you than they are for anyone else. Because education is one way to build a foundation for that first step, understanding the stages of meth withdrawal can be important for anyone who is trying to quit. This may feel like an isolated struggle, but around 1.6 million people in the United States have used meth in the past year.

Treatments begin as soon as possible after the evaluation stage to help make the patient more comfortable. Medical staff will also keep the patient’s loved ones informed and updated on their progress. Meth addicts will experience intense withdrawal when they quit using the drug. Medically-assisted detox can help with Meth withdrawal symptoms, making the whole process less severe.

What are the long-term effects of methamphetamine misuse?

Detox is only the first step in Meth addiction treatment, and physicians recommend that patients continue their recovery in a rehab facility. If the detox is already taking place in a treatment facility, medical staff will help patients transition into the next stage and stay on track toward sobriety. Many patients who arrive at the detox center are experiencing the peak of their withdrawal symptoms.

Implications for future research on treatments for MA dependence

Though it’s not impossible to stop using meth on your own, it is often more challenging. There are also medical risks to quitting meth without medical care, depending on the level and length of addiction. Are there people at home who can be your accountability partners as you recover? If you choose to get off meth without rehab, consult with your doctor or a medical professional and ensure that you have the resources and support necessary to maintain sobriety while going through withdrawal symptoms. Many factors determine the length of withdrawal symptoms, including the amount of time the person has been addicted.

During this time, individuals may experience fatigue, excessive sleep and increased appetite. When people take meth frequently or in high doses, it can eventually lead to a substance use disorder. Meth addiction can induce symptoms of withdrawal, a set of health problems that can linger for days. Methamphetamine users have different recognizable symptoms, for example, lack of sleep (insomnia), acute anxiety, agitation, and psychotic or violent behavior.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *